Single-Server Private Information Retrieval with Sublinear Amortized Time

Alexandra Henzinger


This talk will present new private-information-retrieval protocols in the single-server setting. These schemes allow a client to privately fetch a sequence of database records from a server, while the server answers each query in average time sublinear in the database size.

Specifically, we introduce the first single-server private-information-retrieval schemes that have sublinear amortized server time, require sublinear additional storage, and allow the client to make her queries adaptively. Our protocols rely only on standard cryptographic assumptions (decision Diffie-Hellman, quadratic residuosity, learning with errors, etc.). They work by having the client first fetch a small “hint” about the database contents from the server. Generating this hint requires server time linear in the database size. Thereafter, the client can use the hint to make a bounded number of adaptive queries to the server, which the server answers in sublinear time—yielding sublinear amortized cost.

Finally, we give lower bounds proving that our most efficient scheme is optimal with respect to the trade-off it achieves between server online time and client storage.

This talk is based on joint work with Henry Corrigan-Gibbs and Dmitry Kogan.

Time and Place

Tuesday, June 14, 4:00pm
Gates 100 and Zoom